首页 体育内容详情
Fundamental drivers of the FDI inflows in Malaysia and long-term structural reforms

Fundamental drivers of the FDI inflows in Malaysia and long-term structural reforms

分类:体育

网址:

SEO查询: 爱站网 站长工具

点击直达

足球免费推荐www.zq68.vip)是国内最权威的足球赛事报道、预测平台。免费提供赛事直播,免费足球贴士,免费足球推介,免费专家贴士,免费足球推荐,最专业的足球心水网。

,

FOREIGN direct investments (FDI) are an injection of resources from the rest of the world into a country.

FDI usually brings new technology and forms of organisation, thus promoting growth and economic progress. Nonetheless, Malaysia was among the Asean countries leading in attracting FDI, illustrating an overall success story over the past decades.

However, Malaysia demonstrated a reversal of this behaviour in the period preceding the pandemic, with a significant decline in these flows, thus agitating the economic and political debate following these adverse outcomes.

This raised the pressure on the government to focus on its responsibility in creating an efficient and viable environment as well as tailored incentives to stimulate FDI.

The recent data released by the Deaprtment of Statistics Malaysia showed a new high in FDI reached in 2021, with RM48 billion in monetary terms, reigniting the debate about the government’s merits and demerits in attracting foreign investment and investors.

The graph above shows the FDI measured in real terms (at constant prices), apart from the 2009 international financial crisis that bent the trend of FDI and reduced the economy’s growth.

It clearly shows the two distinct periods of positive FDI trend - with 2001-2007 signifying a more substantial upswing while 2011-2016 seeing a more moderated one.

However, given the fact that Asean FDI was on the rise, 2017-2019 appear with an odd perception.

As a result, it has sparked debate and criticism of the government, given that the sharp decline in FDI was unjustifiable.

The general academic explanation of FDI is based on a series of push and pull factors, but no one-size-fits-all model applies.

Both macro and micro perspectives in extensive studies focus on structural characteristics of the economy, like natural resources, market size, infrastructure, the openness of the economy, labour productivity, human capital, operating costs, and financial determinants like interest rate, exchange rate, and inflation.

The micro aspects added to the explanation are typically qualitative in nature, focusing on proactiveness and effectiveness in dealing with attraction related to the host country’s offers and policies.

Nevertheless, the general perceptions of corruption and political stability also play a critical role in building the investors’ confidence.

In short, the investors are typically clear about the objectives, and the attraction stems primarily from the rent seek benefit enabled by the host country.

To understand better the prevalent nature of the FDI determinants in Malaysia, we conducted an econometric analysis, contrasting two different approaches within the eclectic theory of Dunning.

The theory was inspired by the belief that investors were meant to benefit from the host country’s market, resources, efficiency, and strategic assets.

  • 皇冠信用盘(www.hg108.vip) @回复Ta

    2022-07-24 00:01:07 

    对罕见遗传疾病患者和他们的家人来说,“罕见”只有短短两个字,却是一连串说不出五味杂陈。它不仅仅意味着字面上的病例少,往往还意味着在看病求医过程中奔波周转、花销如水,却可能依然得不到最终诊断结果。因此,快速诊断罕见遗传疾病的意义,并不仅仅是节省时间那么简单,它意味着在看病求医之路中,罕见遗传病患者可以免受疾病本身之外,因求医难、确诊难而带来的诸多额外之苦。感觉粉丝很庞大呀

发布评论